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What is dandruff? And what are the dandruff causes?
10-17-2014, 09:46 AM
Post: #1
Question What is dandruff? And what are the dandruff causes?
There is some great info in the forum about dandruff treatments, but I am still unclear, what is dandruff? and what are the dandruff causes? I ask because the cause of dandruff by itself seems to include several factors. Then there is the whole dry skin and flakes or flakes from hair products. It all gets confused with dandruff Huh

Anyone? Smile
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10-17-2014, 10:10 AM
Post: #2
RE: What is dandruff? And what are the dandruff causes?
Even if you don't have them, you probably recognize those white flakes on your shoulders and in your hair as dandruff. It's especially common in dry climates and dry winter months, but it can happen anywhere and to almost anyone. Dandruff can be embarrassing, uncomfortable and unsightly.

Dandruff is caused by the rapid release of skin cells, and these dead skin cells are observed as skin flakes on the scalp and on the shoulder areas where flakes of skin have fallen. All humans shed skin cells regularly, but people with dandruff shed scalp skin much faster than others, so that the cells clump together and are visible as white flakes. Along with shedding flakes, the scalp can feel itchy and uncomfortable. The medical name for dandruff is pityriasis capitis, and it's the scalp problem doctors see most often.

From my research, the Mayo Clinic say that dandruff isn't contagious, and basic dandruff usually isn't a serious medical problem. Rather, it's a chronic condition that can be managed. Dandruff can have a number of causes, ranging from dry scalp skin or not washing your hair often enough to eczema or psoriasis.

There are two other less-common types of dandruff that may need a doctor's help. One is seborrheic dermatitis. This is a skin disease that causes redness and lesions, or sores, and can occur on other parts of the body besides the scalp. Flakes can be yellowish and greasy, unlike the dry white flakes described above. The other type is believed to be caused by a fungus called Malassezia globosa (formerly known as Pityrosporum ovale), which occurs in most people but is excessive in some. It causes a skin irritation that makes the skin cells shed even faster. If you scratch too much in either of these cases, you can open the scalp, and that can lead to a serious infection of staph or strep bacteria.

If your dandruff consists of an itchy scalp and unattractive white flakes, find the right shampoo. If not, you may need to see a physician. A dermatologist is the best type of doctor to treat dandruff.
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10-17-2014, 10:27 AM
Post: #3
RE: What is dandruff? And what are the dandruff causes?
Here is some more information that I posted in my dandruff advice post with more about the dandruff causes and current dandruff treatments. The post below includes further research on the Mayo Clinic and the opinion of a dermatology doctor. It;s a good read and one that complements my previous post in this thread.

Before proceeding and just in case some of you have read otherwise, there is no current cure for dandruff. It comes and goes, it can be treated successfully and the worst bouts can be tamed but dandruff cannot be cured. Careful with snake oil scammers promising miracle cures for dandruff.

Dandruff is a common issue in men so I would like, in this post, to look into the causes of dandruff and the treatment of dandruff. There is also another thread in the forum on the treatment of dandruff with a long discussion with plenty of dandruff advice that is very useful, so make sure to read that thread too.

While a head capped by white hair can make a man look distinguished and even elegant, a shoulder covered with white dandruff flakes doesn't cause the same positive reaction (more like a horror reaction that dandruff causes!). The scourge of many men, dandruff not only clashes with dark-colored jackets, but may also result in an itchy and irritated scalp.

Although unsightly dandruff can be embarrassing, the shedding of dead skins cells from the scalp is a natural process. Dandruff occurs when the cells gets trapped on the scalp because of too much oil, causing the growth of larger, more visible flakes. According to the Mayo Clinic's Web site, having skin that is too dry or oily, not washing your hair enough, and certain skin conditions, such as psoriasis and eczema, can all cause dandruff to form, as can a yeasty substance called malassezia, a fungus that thrives and multiplies if you suffer from too much stress or certain health conditions.

You rarely need a doctor to tell you that you have dandruff. Your eyes can usually spot the difference between normal shedding of tiny scalp cells and dandruff, the latter of which is typically larger, white- or yellow-colored, and often greasy, according to WebMD. Another clue you may have dandruff is that the skin on your scalp, around your hairline or near your nose and eyebrows may also be itchy, flaky or even red.

Treating dandruff can be as simple as washing your hair more often. "Shampooing is often the easiest and most effective way to prevent dandruff," says Dr. Marta Rendon, founder and medical director of the Dermatology & Aesthetic Center in Boca Raton, Fla. "It cleans hair, invigorates follicles and reduces excessive sebum buildup that can lead to dandruff flakes, and prevents excess cells from accumulating on the scalp."

Dr. Rendon also recommends the use of an anti-dandruff shampoo that contains zinc pyrithione (ZPT) and selenium sulfide, such as Head & Shoulders anti-dandruff shampoo. Some people with dandruff may need to consult with a dermatologist who can prescribe a shampoo that can treat more stubborn scalp problems, Dr. Rendon says. If you have thinning hair along with dandruff, a dermatologist can discover the cause of your hair loss and possibly provide treatment for that as well.

There could be a silver lining, however, to your dandruff problem if you follow Dr. Rendon's diet and lifestyle advice to rid yourself of those pesky flakes. As the Global Celebrity Dermatologist for Head & Shoulders, Dr. Rendon recommends regular exercise and a healthy, balanced diet that has plenty of B-vitamins, zinc and essential fatty acids to help treat dandruff, a suggestion that could also result in a trimmer body, brighter mood and longer, healthier life.
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